DIÁLOGOS
"Lerroux entiende la República como un régimen de todos, liberal y parlamentario"

18/03/2019. "El republicanismo liberal e inclusivo crece y muere con Lerroux", explica el autor de la obra, Roberto Villa García, en este #DiálogosFAES con el catedrático Luis Arranz Notario.

VIDEOÁNALISIS
2019: moderate growth and interest rates raise by the end of the year

08/03/2019. The ECB's announcement to postpone the increase of interest rates 'at least' until the end of the year coincides with Professor Ignacio Muñoz Alonso's analysis: there is a sense of ‘injury time’ between agents and operators.

PAPELES
Full Banking Union as an Alternative

04/03/2019. The Banking Union lacks a supplied, mutualised and completely alienated from political decition-making, payment guarantee procedure. Whilst that fund is not culminated, member states will not be able to exploit the full potential of the euro.

ANÁLISIS
The new Counter-Terrorism Strategy: Beyond rhetoric

28/02/2019. After decades of suffering terrorism, of success and sacrifices, of failures and learnt lessons, the irresponsible political exploitation continues to be used in such a critical area for our society and security. And this is an urgent challenge for the next Government.

ANÁLISIS
What is happening against Jews in France?

26/02/2019. Acts against Jews have increased a 74% in the last year, and radical left and Islam are the bases of this new antisemitism which calls itself anti-Zionism. But anti-Zionism does not exist: the attacks are targeting the entire Jewish population.

ANÁLISIS
The Government by decree-law or abuse of dominant position

25/02/2019. The government has broken the record of approval of decree-laws and will continue to do so with the dissolved Chambers. The fact that the government is allowed to do so does not conceal the fact that restrictions and precautions in this regard must be extreme during the electoral period.

ANÁLISIS
The new Cuban Constitution: the petrification of the garrison State

21/02/2019. Those who hoped that the new Magna Carta would open spaces for democratic transition will be greatly disappointed, because it maintains the communist rhetoric and gear of the dictatorship. Since international observers are not allowed, we already know beforehand what the result of the constitutional referendum.

PAPELES
Franco-German Treaty of Aachen

18/02/2019. The European Union is fragmented and divided. The treaty recently signed by France and Germany represents a new step in bilateral relations, but it should not convey the image of a duumvirate: the agreement represents an insufficient meeting point to develop the European project.

PAPELES
The Role of Isolationism in U.S. Foreign and Immigration Policy

13/02/2019. Trump's immigration policy does not seem to have much to do with real politics, but with electoral satisfaction for 2020. While isolationism has always been present in the U.S. foreign policy perspective, Trump has now transformed the vision on immigration into 'ideology'. The construction of the wall does not reflect the true foreign and immigration policy of the United States, however, there is a very good chance that it will do so in the future.

DIÁLOGOS
2019 Economic Perspectives for Spain and the World

12/02/2019. 2019 will be a year marked by the slowdown of the world economy. The first signs of weakness are also beginning to be felt in Spain - a fall in private consumption, investment and industrial production - although we are far from a recession like that of 2008.

ANÁLISIS
Article 155: a political... and constitutionally adequate solution

06/02/2019. The article 155 introduces into the very heart of the 'State of Autonomies' a mechanism of political solution, founded on the political will of the people, to the legal and political conflict and which has nothing to do with the 'conflict' with which independence seeks to legitimise the rupture of the constitutional order.

ANÁLISIS
The question of market breadth

04/02/2019. The progressive expansion of market fragmentation clearly shows its consequences of slowing down economic activity, with Catalonia at the forefront. This is the catastrophic line of any politician who admits that key elements of the economic homogeneity of the whole territory are disappearing.

ANÁLISIS
Bolivia’s spurious primary elections

29/01/2019. The attempt to consolidate authoritarianism in Bolivia is entering its final phase. The Cuban, Venezuelan and Nicaraguan cases are sufficient evidence for Bolivians to opt for a timely exit, before Evo Morales ends up extinguishing the remnants of democracy and freedom that remain in the country.

ANÁLISIS
Who is Juan Guaidó and why is his oath constitutional?

25/01/2019. The political situation in Venezuela makes it necessary to take into account two aspects of the events that occurred on wednesday, January 23, 2019. Who is Juan Guaidó and why does he currently hold the Presidency of the National Assembly? And more importantly, why is his oath as president in charge perfectly constitutional?

ANÁLISIS
The end of the blind alley

24/01/2019. The presidency assumed by Juan Guaidó and already widely recognized - not by Spain or the EU - means making all the consequences of Maduro's illegitimacy effective. The democratic opposition has rebuilt its unity and leadership and is able to offer a transition project.

PAPELES
The Spanish Constitution. Four perspectives on its 40th anniversary

24/01/2019. The Constitution became the key with which Spain gained access to a new reality. This study integrates four essays that underline its value from four different perspectives: institutional quality, reconciliation agreement, Constitution and Europe, and the referential value of the Transition in Latin America.

ANÁLISIS
Venezuela: a golden opportunity

23/01/2019. For the first time in a long time, a favorable situation has arisen for the cause of freedom and democracy in Venezuela. The lesson is clear: without credible institutions, the rule of law and effective limits on power, it is impossible to have freedom, democracy and economic growth.

DIÁLOGOS
From the struggle against ETA to the struggle for the story

23/01/2019. Gregorio Ordóñez was more than a political leader; he was a social leader to whom speaking clearly cost him his life. Javier Zarzalejos and María San Gil remember the scope of a figure and a legacy that represents the best political commitment.

ANÁLISIS
Shifting sands: Trump in Syria

22/01/2019. What lies behind Trump's decision to withdraw the US from the war against the Islamic state in Syria? The pressure for a regime change in Iran and support for Washington's allies in the Middle East - who can continue to count on diplomatic, economic and arms assistance - are powerful reasons.

PAPELES
The Juncker Commission and the new nomination process

21/01/2019. Last autumn the big European political families started the process of candidatures for the indirect election of the new President of the European Commission by placing their candidates at the top of the list. It is time to take stock of the Juncker Commission's management.

ANÁLISIS
2019 Budget |'Fake Politics'

15/01/2019. Budgets deserves an amendment to the whole. The Spanish economy has sufficient springs to improve its behavior and they can only be activated with orderly, stable political action supported by the citizens. Extending this legislature is synonymous with postponing for a year the necessary reform process that Spain urgently needs.

ANÁLISIS
Between 'hard Brexit' and the second referendum

08/01/2019. It is time to ratify the agreement to avoid a 'hard Brexit', with the focus on the Protocol on Ireland and the transitional period, and FAES analyses the main scenarios that the British lower chamber’s negative vote would trigger on 15 January.

ANÁLISIS
The euro turns 20 years old

14/01/2019. With all its limitations, the euro has fulfilled its role well. Now, in the face of a more uncertain economic scenario, it is essential to complete the missing elements in its financial and banking architecture. This must now be our absolute priority.

ANÁLISIS
A deserved tribute to our Constitution

27/12/2018. The Spanish political system has consolidated itself as one of the best democracies on the planet and it seems common sense to recognize the role played by the Constitution of 1978.

ANÁLISIS
The nationalist insurgency in Catalonia

26/12/2018. Catalan independence seeks to enter fully into the phase of the street rehearsal with its eyes set on the celebration of the trial against the imprisoned politicians, which would open the phase of secessionist culmination.

ANÁLISIS
The normalization of the coup d’état

21/12/2018. Sánchez, the Government and the PSOE have given their political absolution to the coup and accept the non-existent right of self-determination, in the absence of finding a formula to give it to the nationalists.

ANÁLISIS
More police?

12/12/2018. The Government’s response to the violent strategy that the CDRs are deploying with impunity in the streets is absurd and evasive, a way of pretending to do something. A 'non-response' that leaves a politically incapable and uncircumcised government in evidence. 400 police officers do not constitute the answer.

ANÁLISIS
The change in Andalusia

04/12/2018. Change is the winner of the Andalusian elections. A calm change, substantiated in the playing field of the Constitution, with a modernizing proposal. It must be interpreted correctly and with loyalty towards the voters.

ANÁLISIS
The man of the transition to the new world order

01/12/2018. George H.W. Bush should be recognized as one of the world leaders who championed the peaceful transition from the end of the Cold War to a new world order in which the United States could exercise its world hegemony.

PAPELES
Trump’s energy policy after two years

29/11/2018. The halfway point of Trump’s political cycle is a good time to review the decisions of his government, which has not lacked both criticism and praise, and which has placed the emphasis on energy independence, on the creation of wealth and employment, as well as on the reduction of the regulatory burden.

ANÁLISIS
Europe as seen from Russia: a historical perspective

20/11/2018. Russia admires, envies, imitates and hates Europe in equal proportion. It has always been its most significant 'ther,” the mirror of its own identity. Their links are undeniable, but even more so their controversies, and their current relations are at once one of conflict and interdependence.

PAPELES
Human Rights in Cuba 2018

19/11/2018. It is time to put a firm, peaceful and external end to the regime, which is drowning in its own economic and management incompetence.

DIÁLOGOS
Mid-term elections. Everyone wins

14/11/2018. Midterm elections in the USA are a thermometer, a pulse monitoring to the presidency. On this occasion, Democrats and Republicans consider themselves to have come out on top. Will the president change his tone? On what issues will the Democrats fight? Has the Republican Party definitely mutated?

ANÁLISIS
USA elections 2018: The Government and America, divided

07/11/2018. Democrats will be right to congratulate themselves on their victory in the House of Representatives, but they must seek answers to who, how and where to go by 2020. And Republicans will be right to settle for a sweetened defeat and adjust to the fact that, more than likely, Trump will be a candidate for the next presidential elections.

VIDEOÁNALISIS
Spain needs a fair and efficient tax reform geared to growth and employment

05/11/2018. The fiscal measures agreed upon by the Government with Podemos do not respond to any country strategy nor do they encourage investment, innovation or employment. After five years of economic growth, Spain continues to register the largest deficit in the euro zone, and on January 1st 2019 we will need to finance more than 500,000 million euros in public spending.

ANÁLISIS
Why is Italy challenging the European Union?

24/10/2018. Brussels cannot accept Italian demands. Rome has not assumed yet that it should be strongly self-critical about its decades of economic stagnation and stop blaming the European Union for the profound ills afflicting the country.

ANÁLISIS
Bavaria curbs populism and sinks social democracy

18/10/2018. If the negative dynamic is confirmed, eyes will turn to the federal government, which would have to take action on a grand coalition that does not seem beneficial.

DIÁLOGOS
Spanish economy: slowdown and uncertainties

04/10/2018. The Spanish economy has engaged in an evident process of deceleration fundamentally caused by the fall in exports and consumption (especially in Catalonia). This scenario is not necessarily irreversible, but it is key to regain credibility and confidence and eliminate elements of uncertainty.

ANÁLISIS
Almagro, Venezuela and multilateral order

03/10/2018. Multilateralism is being questioned by national-populism. In this sense, the OAS Secretary General's words about the possibility of intervening in Venezuela in accordance with international law were answered by those who prefer to ignore the liquidation of the rule of law and the brutal repression exercised by Caracas.

ANÁLISIS
Quebec, law and clarity

27/09/2018. Pedro Sánchez praised the way in which the Quebec case had demonstrated that "politics can give solutions to a secessionist crisis", but the canadian 'Law of Clarity' was established for a state that is recognized as divisible. Due to this substantial difference Stéphane Dion, creator of this law, has denied that it was applicable to Spain.

ANÁLISIS
Basque nationalism and the confederal illuison

26/09/2018. The PNV have been promoting a frankly unconstitutional reform of a Statute that they now consider to be amortised. The confederal proposal makes no sense. But certain nonsenses have some future when they find a good “atmosphere” in the Spanish Government.

ANÁLISIS
Jimmy Morales and the CICIG: A Brief reflection on the situation in Guatemala

11/09/2018. The International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala has been controversial since its inception.  President Jimmy Morales has just set the end of his mission for next year, which has fueled the confrontation between critics and defenders. While both sides are partly right, the fight against impunity and corruption needs to build bridges outside the system.

ANÁLISIS
The end of an era

10/09/2018. John McCain marks the end of an era; the greatness of both America and the Republican Party has passed away. What made McCain's America great is far from the America that brought Trump to the White House. Society is divided. The Republicans' loss of power in the midterms of November could mean a new starting point and the beginning of the search for a candidate for 2020.

ANÁLISIS
Sweden, the end of the idyll

06/09/2018. Sweden is going through turbulent times despite having a vigorous economy. Next Sunday's elections can confirm that, as in many other places, identity issues tend to take on the role that the economy once had in deciding the vote of a large part of the population.

DIÁLOGOS
The energy transition in Spain: lessons learned from other countries

26/07/2018. The EU has set an ambitious goal for the coming years: the transition to a decarbonised, secure and competitive economy. NGC Partners President Pedro Mielgo and Ruhr University Professor Graham Weale offer an insight into the challenges of energy transition and how Germany can serve as a model for other countries, particularly Spain.

ANÁLISIS
Google and digital competition

19/07/2018. It is difficult to understand the political rampage against the big technology companies, especially if they are to become a complementary source of funding to our battered welfare systems. It would be better for us to change our approach and look for a more cooperative one than the grotesque plundering of the profit and loss accounts of companies leading global innovation and the digital revolution.

ANÁLISIS
Fiscal inconsistency

11/07/2018. It is not reasonable that the Spanish deficit could end 2018 close to 3 %. We should be in a very close position to the budget balance. Deciding how we do it is a political decision and there are different possibilities. What we can not do is be fiscally incoherent.

ANÁLISIS
Mexico's Presidential Elections: A Return to Authoritarian Populism

29/06/2018. A possible victory for López Obrador next Sunday represents a risk for governability, a democratic setback in institutional strengthening and the rule of law, and an advance of authoritarian populism to the detriment of the free market and individual freedom with an impact on all of Latin America.

PAPELES
Transition and Constitution: A debate on History and Memory

05/09/2018. FAES has recently brought together an eminent group of historians and intellectuals to discuss the PSOE's draft law on Historical Memory. Its details, the concept of the initiative and its repercussions and media and political purposes. Presented in the congress last March, the proposal was vetoed by the Partido Popular government, claiming that it would mean an increase in spending. However, it seems that the new socialist government could bring it back. We replicate, with an editing, the most significant parts of that conversation.

DIÁLOGOS
El estado de Derecho frente a ETA

21/06/2018. La disolución de ETA obliga a repasar la política antiterrorista desde 1996 hasta hoy. Los exministros Jaime Mayor Oreja y Ángel Acebes conversan con Javier Zarzalejos sobre la fortaleza del estado de Derecho, el punto de inflexión que supuso la arquitectura legal desplegada contra la banda y su entorno entre 1996 y 2004 y los riesgos de pasar página sin atender al legado de las víctimas ni frenar el proyecto de ruptura de España.

ANÁLISIS
El triunfo de la seguridad democrática en Colombia

18/06/2018. La victoria de Iván Duque es una magnífica noticia para Colombia y América Latina. Los colombianos han visto con esperanza la posibilidad de retomar las políticas de seguridad, justicia y fortalecimiento institucional responsables del gran avance del país durante las presidencias de Pastrana y Uribe, y han expresado que la paz no se construye mediante corrección política y acuerdos con las bandas terroristas, sino a través del fortalecimiento democrático y la firmeza del Estado de Derecho.

ANÁLISIS
Bolivia: el derecho humano a la reelección indefinida, el parto de una tiranía

14/06/2018. Bolivia continua enfrentada por la modificación constitucional impulsada por Morales con el propósito de consagrar el "derecho humano” a la reelección indefinida en la Presidencia del país. El siguiente en pronunciarse será el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, que se espera ponga fin al parto de una tiranía y contribuya a la salud democrática de la región.

ANÁLISIS
Kim Jong-Un y Donald Trump: un encuentro histórico de resultados todavía inciertos

13/06/2018. Tras el fin de la Guerra Fría, los diversos intentos de los presidentes de EEUU por lidiar con el problema de Corea del Norte han adolecido de una clara falta de resultados. Ahora, por primera vez, existe un acuerdo inicial, una declaración de intenciones para avanzar en un programa de negociaciones que será largo y complejo y cuyos resultados son altamente inciertos.

ANÁLISIS
Elecciones en Colombia: una segunda vuelta decisiva

12/06/2018. Por primera vez un candidato de izquierda tiene la posibilidad real de llegar a la presidencia del país, en un momento de división ideológica profunda. Las encuestas dan ganador a Duque, candidato derechista, pero Petro mantiene la tendencia al alza y se espera que crezca la abstención. Cualquiera que sea el ganador, encontrará una Colombia profundamente transformada tras el proceso de paz impulsado por el gobierno Santos.

ANÁLISIS
Fallido acuerdo de Gobierno en Italia: algunos no quieren entender lo que dice la Constitución

28/05/2018. El trasfondo del fracaso está en el permanente desprecio con el que Di Maio y Salvini han tratado a la figura del Jefe del Estado y a la Constitución, que confiere al Presidente de la República un papel protagonista en la elección del Primer Ministro y en la formación del gobierno. La lección que queda es que en un auténtico Estado de Derecho, la Constitución es la norma suprema que nadie puede ni debe saltarse. Y Mattarella se lo ha recordado a todos los italianos.

ANÁLISIS
Elecciones presidenciales: Colombia se juega el partido de su vida

25/05/2018. Colombia se juega su futuro este domingo, y el mayor riesgo lo personifica Gustavo Petro, abierto simpatizante del modelo ‘castrochavista’. De pasar a segunda vuelta, como lo prevén las encuestas, la incertidumbre en medio de la polarización política que vive el país sería enorme. Si vence el modelo comunista de Petro, llevaría al país por el camino que ya recorrieron Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua y Bolivia con los resultados nefastos que conocemos.

DIÁLOGOS
Perspectivas económicas 2018 (segundo semestre)

24/05/2018. Los riesgos económicos existentes a comienzos de 2018 se han materializado: subida del precio del petróleo, inestabilidad en economías emergentes y efectos del programa económico de Trump. Con este cambio en la coyuntura mundial e Italia abriendo un nuevo escenario de tensión financiera en Europa, ¿puede España mantener la inercia de crecimiento y creación de empleo? El agotamiento del ciclo de reformas y la tensión política a largo plazo impone cautela en las previsiones.

ANÁLISIS
Italia, hacia el desbloqueo político

14/05/2018. Parece que, al fin, va a haber un gobierno en Italia con el que poder iniciar la XVIII Legislatura, y lo formarán los dos partidos más polarizados respecto a las formaciones tradicionales. La pregunta que más de uno se hará es: ¿qué une a Cinco Estrellas y a la Liga más allá de una política dura con las autoridades comunitarias? Ciertamente, no mucho más. Pero ya se sabe que la política italiana es enormemente imprevisible. Veremos qué nos depara esta inédita alianza de gobierno.

ANÁLISIS
Irán: entre la espada y la pared

11/05/2018. Irán deberá medir muy cuidadosamente su reacción al anuncio de Trump. Sus opciones son limitadas. La preocupación y el hartazgo de los iraníes no tiene nada que ver con Israel o Siria, sino con la falta de oportunidades económicas y libertades. Verse asfixiados de nuevo por una acción iraní contra Israel o por la reactivación del programa nuclear sólo aumentaría su descontento contra la mala gestión del gobierno.

ANÁLISIS
Instituciones extractivas y dictadura en Nicaragua

10/05/2018. Muchos ciudadanos nicaragüenses están sufriendo acciones represivas resultado de un régimen extractivo que lucha por subsistir y permanecer en el poder. La situación ha puesto al país contra las cuerdas y la salida es cuando menos compleja. Todos aquellos que creemos en la democracia, el Estado de Derecho y la libertad debemos contribuir a la 'internacionalización' de la cuestión nicaragüense.

DIÁLOGOS
Fake news, desinformación y posverdad

10/05/2018. Fake news, posverdad y desinformación implican una distorsión de la realidad. Cuando detrás de una ‘noticia falsa’ hay una estrategia para socavar la capacidad de respuesta del enemigo, hay desinformación. Internet y las redes sociales han democratizado la información, pero se han convertido en la tubería por donde circula la manipulación. Su influencia en los procesos democráticos sitúa el debate en la necesidad de legislar sobre ciberseguridad y apelar a la responsabilidad individual.

PAPELES
Consequences of demographic decline in Spain

07/05/2018. El déficit de nacimientos es un fallo del modelo de sociedad que no podemos ignorar ni atender con medidas insuficientes. Nuestro futuro tiene pésimas perspectivas si no se hace de la recuperación de la natalidad una prioridad. De lo contrario asistiremos al empobrecimiento económico y familiar-afectivo, la hegemonía de los votantes jubilados, y la continua pérdida de peso internacional.

ACTOS FAES
Zarzalejos, Rivero y Del Palacio presentan 'Geografía del populismo' en Valladolid

27/04/2018. Javier Zarzalejos, Ángel Rivero y Jorge del Palacio presentan en Valladolid, en un acto organizado por 'El Norte de Castilla', 'Geografía del Populismo: un viaje por el universo del populismo desde sus orígenes hasta Trump', la obra que analiza la evolución del populismo, sus raíces, su ideología y legado. La verdad del populismo y su impacto en la democracia es también parte sustancial del trabajo que han coordinado.

DIÁLOGOS
Génesis e impulso de la Euroorden

24/04/2018. Fue el gobierno español presidido por José María Aznar quien tomó la iniciativa a favor de un ‘Espacio de Libertad, Seguridad y Justicia’ en la UE a finales de 1996, si bien las primeras negociaciones resultaron parcialmente infructuosas. España consiguió entonces sacar adelante el protocolo disuasor de asilo político, pero no sería hasta después del 11-S cuando el empeño español por un principio de reconocimiento mutuo de decisiones judiciales se concreta en la definitiva Euroorden, aprobada por unanimidad en 2002.

PAPELES
Gran coalición 3.0 ¿La última oportunidad?

11/04/2018. El acuerdo de Gran Coalición entre CDU-CSU y SPD ponía fin a 171 días sin gobierno, el periodo más largo en la historia de Alemania. La falta de sorpresas del pacto es una de las mayores fortalezas del nuevo gobierno, y la experiencia y grado de conocimiento entre los tres actores principales -Merkel, Seehofer y Scholz- es motivo de optimismo y garantía de estabilidad.

ANÁLISIS
The struggle to form a government in Italy

09/04/2018. Once the consultations on the formation of the new government had begun, Mattarella was facing a difficult task, since there were many combinations and several candidates to chair it. The starting point is the accord between Movimento Cinque Stelle and Liga Norte to elect the presidents of the chambers. Let the Italian politicians surprise us once again with their ability to reach an impossible pact at the last minute.

ANÁLISIS
Catalanism in the Valencian Community

03/04/2018. The Valencian Community is facing an extremely important challenge. It must choose between consolidating an open and modern society, committed to projects on a national scale, or abandoning itself to a local policy at the service of spurious interests, to a centrifugal passion where sectarian and exclusionary practices rule.

ANÁLISIS
Colombia at the ballot box

23/03/2018. El próximo 27 de mayo Colombia celebra la primera vuelta de sus presidenciales. Una vez más el partido que decidirá la elección es el Partido Conservador, con todo y sus problemas internos. Uribe y Duque deberían concentrar sus esfuerzos en concretar la alianza con el Partido Conservador y con el conservatismo en general. De lo contrario, Vargas Lleras, el candidato de Cambio Radical, puede terminar por adelantarse.

ANÁLISIS
Putin, the undisputed Tsar

21/03/2018. Putin has won the elections without any competition and has fulfilled his main objective: to be himself the succession to power. A renewed sense of stability and national pride has re-emerged during his tenure, and with a deeply divided opposition he is not expected to lead his country towards democratization during his new term. He simply will not risk that any real liberalisation could lead to the disappearance of his own regime.

PAPELES
Un análisis de la economía de plataformas y su regulación

20/03/2018. La innovación disruptiva en la prestación de servicios avanza a la velocidad de la luz y la tecnología actual, no la que vendrá sino la que ya existe, hace posible compartir el conocimiento sobre bienes y servicios para intercambiarlos de manera más eficiente. Rocío Albert pide establecer nuevas reglas de “juego” para todos, porque la transformación digital lo ha revolucionado de tal manera que las normas existentes carecen de sentido.

PAPELES
Memory and forgetfulness of reconcilitian

12/03/2018. The PSOE's proposal of law to amend the so-called' “Ley de memoria histórica” is his ace up their sleeves that the Socialists are saving to respond to the intentions of Podemos in their quest to snatch the 'anti-Franco' flag from them. The journalist Pedro Corral, a PP councilor in Madrid, describes the proposal as "absolutely shattering", and argues in these FAES Papers that it is "the last burden to sweep away the constitutional system".

PAPELES
Keys for a successful energy changeover

07/03/2018. The energy changeover will require a rigorous decision-making process that combines technical stringency, political consensus, regulatory accuracy and the involvement of stakeholders. It is a change of model of a greater depth and scope than any of the changes in energy policies proposed to date. FAES reviews the challenges it raises and proposes a set of recommendations to make the process simple and cost-effective.

ANÁLISIS
Italia, de nuevo ante una auténtica encrucijada política

06/03/2018. Suceda lo que suceda con las negociaciones para formar gobierno, quien debe tomar nota de lo sucedido en Italia es Bruselas, porque el gran perdedor de estos comicios no es ni Berlusconi ni Renzi, sino la política comunitaria. Los italianos se han vuelto, en muchos casos, radicales antieuropeístas porque culpan a la UE del paro juvenil, la precariedad laboral y las oleadas inmigratorias. Y todo esto en un país que no solo es la tercera economía de la eurozona, sino que ostenta la categoría de “país fundador” de la actual UE.

PAPELES
Sobre la reforma constitucional del Estado Autonómico

01/03/2018. El último Papeles FAES desmonta la urgencia y oportunidad para emprender una reforma constitucional en este momento, apelando al escaso fuste de las propuestas formuladas y a las “posibilidades de alimentar una controversia política estéril”. El autor, el catedrático de Derecho Autonómico de la Universidad Complutense Germán Fernández Farreres, considera “imprescindible hacer cumplir la ley y la Constitución con todo el rigor cuando se la desafía de manera frontal”. “Si no se actúa así, se corre un serio riesgo institucional de deslegitimación del Estado”, advierte.

DIÁLOGOS
El fracaso del bipartidismo

26/02/2018. El ciclo político que se inició con las primeras elecciones democráticas y la Constitución del 78 acabó con la abdicación del Rey Juan Carlos y las elecciones generales de 2015. El historiador y ensayista Tom Burns Marañón ha levantado sobre esta premisa su última obra, Entre el ruido y la furia. El fracaso del bipartidismo en España (Galaxia Guttemberg), un texto que el director de FAES, Javier Zarzalejos, califica de “obra referencial para el estudio de la Transición y del proceso democrático de España hasta nuestros días”. Ambos han charlado en Diálogos FAES sobre el cambio de la cultura política, la ley electoral, el papel de la Corona y el oportunismo del nacionalismo.

ANÁLISIS
The coalition agreement in Germany: winners, losers and the uncertain future of Merkel

14/02/2018. SPD and CDU-CSU reached an agreement in order to build up a Government. Critical voices in the conservative alliance has been played down by the last events: new elections would pose a threat to recently resigned Schulz's party, whilst CDU has not presented itself as a clear alternative to the Merkelian leadership. The main question is how these events will affect the long-term German party system.

ANÁLISIS
Ecuadorian Query, another defeat of the 'Socialism of the 21st Century'

06/02/2018. The Ecuadorian people expressed their opinion in favor of important shifts regarding Government issues and Law changes, which take part in the democratic strengthening of their country. The electoral contest brought two antagonistic Models of Nation State in dispute; and with the victory of the YES the rejection of the Latin American people to the 21st century socialism is further consolidated and it is one more defeat of the detrimental populism that is starting to lose its strength throughout the region.

ANÁLISIS
Trump’s first year and beyond

29/01/2018. Donald Trump first speech on the State of the Nation has become the ideal moment to review the main characteristics of his first-year mandate. The construction through Twitter of a simplistic speech, lacking moral and political responsibility, has gave him the main connection with more than 100 million followers. He has focused on domestic politics—the economic situation has improved, and expectations could not be better—he has only look abroad for very concrete interests.

PAPELES
Why the Italian left is always divided?

26/01/2018. The Italian left will assist again to the general elections with the division as a common note. Before the appointment scheduled for March 4th, and at a time where the coalition seems to be really necessary due to the new electoral law that rewards coalitions over parties, the favoritisms, the confrontations and the lack of agreement on fundamental points suggest that there will be no joint candidacy. This report goes through the history of the division and succession of defeats in which the Italian left lives since the end of the PCI.

ANÁLISIS
Another crucial year for Latinamerica

24/01/2018. Costa Rica, Paraguay, Colombia, Brazil and Mexico will hold democratic elections in the next months and Sebastián Piñera will take office in Chile. To this we must add the show organized by Castrism to perpetuate itself in Cuba and the call for presidential elections made by the illegitimate Constituent Assembly. All this can affect in a significant way the political and economic future of the region.

VIDEOÁNALISIS
Iván Duque: "Mi compromiso es con la legalidad, el emprendimiento y la equidad"

18/06/2018. “Enfrentar la corrupción, el crimen organizado y la impunidad ha de unirse a la generación de empleo y el impulso a la industria y la innovación tecnológica”, afirmó Iván Duque, presidente electo de Colombia, en una visita a FAES. “Esa unión de legalidad y emprendimiento nos conduce a la equidad, a un país con empleo formales y reformas que permitan a muchas familias migrar hacia la clase media con éxito”, añadió.

ANÁLISIS
2018: a year to recover liberal democracy

11/01/2018. Democratic systems suffer a legitimacy crisis, which added to the advance of populism, provokes that liberal democracy run the risk of disappearing and turning into another thing. In order to correct this situation, it seems necessary to return to its essence: protect the compromise with the defense of the structure of rights and individual liberties and the classic liberal values.

ANÁLISIS
Iran: the genie out of the bottle

08/01/2018. The Islamic Republic of Iran has refined the art of blaming on its external enemies the internal dissatisfaction. Nevertheless, the origin of the last protests lies on the attempt of the ultraconservative clergy to damage and discredit President Rohaní. What started as a manipulation of the streets inside the framework of the typical fight of the elite of the country transformed into a massive and widespread movement of protests. Surely, the learned lection is that in a future it would be better to settle accounts behind the scenes rather than involving the streets.

ANÁLISIS
Italy, on the way to new general elections

03/01/2018. The Italian President has just put an end to the XVIII legislative term and the country finds itself now before a new political dilemma in which everything is possible. Two months before the elections, the situation seems in favor of the center right coalition, not officially presented as such yet, although the Movement Cinque Stelle holds around the 30% of support. Nevertheless, the favorite option in Europe would be the to reissue the pact between Partido Democratico and Forza Italia.

ANÁLISIS
Elections in Catalonia 

23/12/2017. In this election neither the Constitution, nor the validity of the rule of law, nor the rights of all Catalans were submitted to a vote. The main responsibility of the Government and all the institutions, as well as of the parties placed in the Constitution, continues to be to guarantee those rights and the rule of law. Only in the destructive calculation made by secessionism it can be consider that the results ratify the nonsense of the separatist process or erase the responsibilities of its authors. This is the first and more important message that have to receive those who did not win the elections and who do not represent the majority vote of the Catalans.

ANÁLISIS
Spanish adhesion to Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)

21/12/2017. European cooperation in the field of security and defense is an unsatisfied ambition since the beginning of the European project. Spain is one of the 25 countries participating in the Permanent Structured Cooperation with the objective of moving forwards in real integration. But the EU would only be able to request the global leadership it deserves if the Member States strengthen their degree of political compromise and Brussels starts a coherent foreign policy.

ANÁLISIS
Powell’s Federal Reserve: moderation and continuity

19/12/2017. The appointment of Jerome H. Powell as President of the FED will be favorably perceived both by the institution and the market. Powell was the most continuist candidate, defender of maintaining the gradual approach of the monetary policy. He has great experience both in the public and private sector, he is favor of easing financial regulation, which makes him a very important ally for the Republican Administration.

ANÁLISIS
Chile choses the path of change

18/12/2017. Sebastián Piñera has obtained an overwhelming victory. The center-right comes out very strengthened and now has the historic responsibility of carrying out a reformist agenda aimed at modernizing the economy and transforming the inefficient public system of pensions, health and education. This will deepen the breach between the two Americas; the one of development and progress opposite to the one of regression and failure

DIÁLOGOS
21-D. Elecciones en Cataluña

15/12/2017. Las elecciones catalanas del próximo 21D encierran una gran complejidad. La volatilidad del voto, la masiva participación y el componente emocional determinarán la victoria. La gobernabilidad presenta aún más incógnitas. FAES ha reunido al sociólogo Narciso Michavila, presidente de GAD3, y al consultor Joan López para analizar estas y otras claves en una conversación con el director de la Fundación, Javier Zarzalejos.

ANÁLISIS
A new Corsica is added to the list of Macron’s remaining challenges

13/12/2017. Corsica is a new challenge for the French political system. The last elections were not normal regional elections, but a decisive foundational moment for the future of the island and its relations with the rest of the Metropolitan France. It is expected that the negotiation political tension between Paris and Ajaccio will increase as the drafts for a new political status are proposed. 

DIÁLOGOS
La economía en 2018

01/12/2017. En un ambiente de optimismo controlado, pero no exento de riesgos latentes, ¿qué se puede esperar de 2018 en términos de crecimiento económico y política monetaria? ¿Qué dificultades pueden lastrar la tendencia positiva global? ¿Qué impacto tendrá el devenir del desafío independentista en Cataluña en las previsiones para España? A estas preguntas contestan el director de Estudios de Repsol, Pedro Antonio Merino, y el profesor de IE Business School, Fernando Fernández, en la última edición de Diálogos FAES, conducidos por Miguel Marín, del área de Economía de la Fundación.

ANÁLISIS
Castroism after Castroism

30/11/2017. The restoration of diplomatic relations with the US as well as the derogation of the Common Position of the EU has only served to consolidate the regime. The recent “elections”, without the presence of the opposition and with the mandatory and identifiable vote, are only the prelude of the celebration of the 60 years of Castroism in a Congress of the Communist Party called to reaffirm with the complacency of not much occidental leaders, the indissolubility of Cuban Communism. In this context, it need to be perceived with relief the postponement of the visit of His Majesty King Felipe VI.

ANÁLISIS
Chile Presidential Elections 2017

27/11/2017. La primera vuelta dejó sorpresas y material de análisis. Sebastián Piñera alcanzó la votación más alta y se separó por más de 14 puntos de su seguidor, pero la sensación después del conteo no es la mejor. Ahora la tarea es recomponer su equipo, modificar su mensaje y rearticular su coalición. La discusión y el debate político en Chile, no obstante, no terminarán con el resultado de la segunda vuelta.

ANÁLISIS
What is at stake in Chile presidential elections?

18/11/2017. This is a particularly decisive election for the future of our country. For the first time, since the return to democracy in 1990, Chile faces two roads that seem irreconcilable, in a definition preceded by years of polarization. The real dispute will be between the former President Sebastián Piñera, representative of the center-right coalition Chile Vamos (Chile let’s go); and Alejandro Guillier, a famous journalist, elected senator four years ago.

ANÁLISIS
Eurozone banking health: pending subjects

15/11/2017. To achieve the desired financial stability, the profitability of the European banks needs to recover. A part of the low profitability is due to temporary factors, but the other one is due to structural ones, notably the large amount of “toxic” assets. Completing the European Banking Union would also enhance stability, since its third pillar, based on a European deposit guarantee scheme, is another pending subject.

ANÁLISIS
Timochenko: from assassin to candidate

13/11/2017. It is important that the international community knows the truth to tell Santos Government that Colombians are not up to bear with all this irresponsibility and with all the concessions given to FARC terrorist group. And to say to the ones who today pose as victims and not assassins, that it is not going to be allowed that after all the damage they caused to the country during more than 50 years, people as Rodrigo Londoño, alias Timochenko, goes from being an assassin to being a candidate without any type of problem.

ANÁLISIS
Italian Electoral Reform: neither representation nor governability

30/10/2017. After the declaration of unconstitutionality of some parts, not at all marginal, of the electoral law unwarily called Italicum, the leaders of the Partito Democratico have examined other ways, not very different, to draft a new electoral law. I do not want to review this awful soap opera, but only to highlight the most essential landmarks.

ANÁLISIS
Venezuela regional elections farce

16/10/2017. Following the written script made by its partners in Havana, Chavism continues with the process of dismantling democracy and the Cubanization of Venezuela. All that, with the passivity or indulgence of a significant part of the international community and the impotence of a population who, apart from suffering the consequences of the economic chaos and the humanitarian crises, feels totally abandon when carrying its longing for liberty and democracy.

ANÁLISIS
Change, confidence, truth and team work won again in Argentina

24/10/2017. On Sunday 22nd we lived an historic date. Against all odds, Argentines ratified again in the ballot boxes the path which began on October 2015 when we chose president Mauricio Macri. We won again against fear, resignation and all those who told us that we could not govern a country without the usual established power structures.

ANÁLISIS
"Freedom should be the defending commitment of our country"

23/10/2017. Former President George W. Bush has defended the cause of freedom at a time when great democracies face new and serious threats and seem to be losing confidence in their own calling and competence. “Freedom is not merely a political menu option, or a foreign policy fad; it should be the defending commitment of our country, and the hope of the world”, "he said at the national forum 'Spirit of Liberty: At Home, in the World' in New York.